Petrol, diesel prices today: Fuel rates see sharp fall but petrol remains above Rs 100 in many states


Petrol and diesel prices fell drastically on Thursday after the government cut excise duty on petrol and diesel by a record Rs 5 and Rs 10 per litre to help bring down rates down from their highest-ever levels.

"Government of India has taken a significant decision of reducing Central Excise Duty on petrol and diesel by Rs 5 and Rs 10 (per litre) respectively from tomorrow. Prices of petrol and diesel will thus come down accordingly," the finance ministry said in a statement on Wednesday.

In Delhi, petrol costs Rs 103.97 a litre, cheaper by Rs 6.07 per litre while the rate of diesel was Rs 98.42 per litre, less expensive by Rs 11.75

In Mumbai, petrol can be bought at Rs 109.98 per litre, a fall in cost by Rs 5.87 and diesel costs Rs 94.14 for one litre, a cut by Rs 12.48 a litre.

In Chennai, a litre of petrol is priced at Rs 101.40, a cut in cost by Rs 5.26 per litre. On Thursday, the price of a litre of diesel was Rs 91.43 per litre, cheaper by Rs 11.16 per litre.

Petrol in Kolkata costs Rs 104.67 per litre, a fall of price by Rs 5.82 while diesel costs Rs 101.56 a litre, a price cut by Rs 11.77 per litre.

While petrol can be bought at Rs 112.56 in Bhopal, which is a cut by Rs 6.27, diesel costs Rs 95.40 per litre, a whopping reduction of Rs 12.5 per litre.

This is the highest-ever reduction in excise duty and rolls back a part of the Rs 13 and Rs 16 per litre increase in taxes on petrol and diesel effected between March 2020 and May 2020 to avoid passing on to consumers the sharp fall in international oil prices.

That hike in excise duty had taken central taxes on petrol to their highest level of Rs 32.9 per litre and that on diesel to Rs 31.8 a litre.

The statement said states are also being urged to commensurately reduce VAT on petrol and diesel to give relief to consumers.

The reduction follows an unrelenting hike in international oil prices pushing pump rates across the country to their highest-ever levels. While petrol is above Rs 100-a-litre-mark in all major cities, diesel has crossed that level in more than one-and-a-half dozen states.

The total increase in petrol price since the 5 May, 2020 decision of the government to raise excise duty to record levels now totals Rs 38.78 per litre.

Diesel rates have during this period gone up by Rs 29.03 per litre.

The relentless increase in fuel prices had been severely criticised by Opposition parties, particularly Congress which had demanded that the government reduce its excise duty.

Based on April to October consumption numbers, the loss of revenue to the government due to the excise duty cut will be Rs 8,700 crore per month. This totals to an annual impact of over Rs 1 lakh crore, industry sources said. For the remainder of the current fiscal, the impact would be Rs 43,500 crore.

The cut in excise duty will bring relief to motorists. The relief will be bigger for trucks and the farm sector -- the biggest users of diesel.

"The reduction in excise duty on diesel will be double that of petrol. The Indian farmers have, through their hard work, kept the economic growth momentum going even during the lockdown phase and the massive reduction in excise on diesel will come as a boost to the farmers during the upcoming Rabi season," the statement said.

The ministry said in recent months, crude oil prices have witnessed a global upsurge.

"Consequently, domestic prices of petrol and diesel had increased in recent weeks exerting inflationary pressure."

The world, it said, has also seen shortages and increased prices of all forms of energy.

"The Government of India has made efforts to ensure that there is no energy shortage in the country and that commodities such as petrol and diesel are available adequately to meet our requirements," it added. "To give a further fillip to the economy, the Government of India has decided to significantly reduce the excise duty on diesel and petrol."

The reduction in excise duty will also boost consumption and keep inflation low, thus helping the poor and middle classes. The decision is expected to further spur the overall economic cycle.

Prior to the cut, the government's collection from levy of excise duty on petroleum products had risen 33 percent in the first six months of the current fiscal when compared to last year and was 79 percent more than pre-COVID levels.

Data available from the Controller General of Accounts (CGA) in the Union Ministry of Finance showed excise duty collections during April-September 2021 surging to over Rs 1.71 lakh crore, from Rs 1.28 lakh crore mop-up in the same period of the previous fiscal.

Thanks to the March-May 2020 hike in excise duty rates, the collection is 79 per cent more than the Rs 95,930 crore mop-up in April-September 2019.

For the full 2020-21 fiscal, excise collections were Rs 3.89 lakh crore and Rs 2.39 lakh crore in 2019-20, the CGA data showed.

After the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, excise duty is levied only on petrol, diesel, ATF and natural gas. All other goods and services are under the GST regime.

Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas Rameswar Teli had in July told Parliament that the Union government's tax collections on petrol and diesel jumped by 88 per cent to Rs 3.35 lakh crore in the year to March 31, 2021 (2020-21 fiscal) from Rs 1.78 lakh crore a year back.

Excise collection in pre-pandemic 2018-19 was Rs 2.13 lakh crore.

Taking a cue from the Centre, nine BJP-ruled states — Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Karnataka, Goa, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand — announced additional cuts in prices of petrol and diesel that have become effective from Thursday.

While Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Karnataka and Goa reduced prices of both petrol and diesel by Rs 7 per litre in addition to the Centre's relief, Uttarakhand reduced VAT on petrol by Rs 2 per litre. Himachal Pradesh has not made any announcements on fuel VAT reduction so far but is likely to do soon.

Petrol and diesel prices are revised by the oil marketing companies including Bharat Petroleum, Indian Oil and Hindustan Petroleum. The new prices are implemented at 6 am every day. States and cities have different fuel prices because of the value-added taxes, local and freight charges which vary depending on the place.

Following are the prices of diesel and petrol in a few metros and Tier-II cities in the country:

1. Mumbai

Petrol - Rs 109.98 per litre
Diesel - Rs 94.14 per litre

2. Delhi

Petrol - Rs 103.97 per litre
Diesel - Rs 86.67 per litre

3. Chennai

Petrol - Rs 101.40 per litre
Diesel - Rs 91.43 per litre

4. Kolkata

Petrol - Rs 104.67 per litre
Diesel - Rs 89.79 per litre

5. Bhopal

Petrol - Rs 112.56 per litre
Diesel - Rs 95.40 per litre

6. Hyderabad

Petrol - Rs 108.20 per litre
Diesel - Rs 94.62 per litre

7. Bangaluru

Petrol - Rs 107.64 per litre
Diesel - Rs 92.03 per litre

8. Guwahati

Petrol - Rs 99.92 per litre
Diesel - Rs 86.40 per litre

9. Lucknow

Petrol - Rs 101.05 per litre
Diesel - Rs 87.09 per litre

10. Gandhinagar

Petrol - Rs 99.36 per litre
Diesel - Rs 89.33 per litre

11. Thiruvananthapuram

Petrol - Rs 106.36 per litre
Diesel - Rs 93.47 per litre

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Petrol, diesel prices today: Fuel rates see sharp fall but petrol remains above Rs 100 in many states
Petrol, diesel prices today: Fuel rates see sharp fall but petrol remains above Rs 100 in many states
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