India needs to shed its defensive policies and proactively counter China


Barring a remote possibility of resuming active military hostilities in the border areas, India’s relations with China are headed towards continued armed stalemate in the new year of Tiger, in all likelihood setting back bilateral relations by several years if not decades.

There were a few encouraging signs though recently to improve bilateral relations. Certain reports indicated the partial lifting of the ban on investments from China as a pragmatic gesture. The ban was imposed on investments from “neighbouring countries” a year ago. People’s Bank of China’s investment increase in Housing Development Finance Corporation, Bajaj Financials and start-ups had rattled the Indian government earlier.

India also went ahead, as a lone Quad member to do so, signalling not to boycott the Beijing Winter Olympics and Paralympics. This decision came during the 18th Russia-India-China trilateral meeting of the foreign ministers in late November 2021.

The Indian Space Research Organisation signed an agreement with an Indian subsidiary of Chinese mobile phone company Oppo for extending Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) facilities for position, navigation and timing services in far-away regions in the oceans for messages on safety. This has not gone down well in several quarters in India that banned over 200 Chinese apps a year ago.

Another signalling from India is its continuing participation in the multilateral fora in which China has been a member such as attending the summit meetings of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, BRICS, Russia-India-China trilaterals or COP26 on climate change issues. While India maintained contacts with China at these multilateral initiatives, a subtle toning down in relations is visible, with the Indian leaders conveying indirectly through these institutions China’s perfidy on not observing written agreements but also wilfully violating the sovereignty of nations in the name of building infrastructure projects. Moreover, there is a new-found Indian standing up in these institutions to protect Indian national interests.


China’s new border laws implemented amid Galwan video: All you need to know about the legislation and why is it a concern for India

Time for India to leverage global anti-China sentiment towards strategic autonomy

China challenge hangs like a dark cloud but India will increasingly strive to be a rule shaper, not rule taker

China shifts into propaganda overdrive in pandemic era but world is beginning to see through it


Even though India laid out such a pragmatic policy, it made clear that China’s militarism is not acceptable. For instance, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar had laid the bottom line in India’s approach towards China in the aftermath of the tragic killing of 20 Indian soldiers at Galwan on 15 June night in 2020. He stated that restoring peace and tranquillity on the borders is a prerequisite for improving bilateral relations. As 13 rounds of Corps Commanders meetings and 23 rounds of WMCC meetings have not ushered in “disengagement and de-escalation” in the border areas, it is expected that bilateral relations are expected to further nose-dive in 2022.

Nevertheless, China had fired a few salvos to counter India’s standing up at Galwan and the aftermath. In July 2021, by visiting Nyingchi prefecture a few kilometres north of Arunachal Pradesh, President Xi Jinping threw the gauntlet against India of a subtle arms race, militarisation and border domination efforts. These were further enhanced with the construction of 602 “well-off society” villages in Tibet, 200 of which were built on borders with India. The Land Border Law passed by China’s parliament further expands the party-state domination over these areas.

Further on 29 December 2021, a reckless China announced a second tranche of “standardising” 15 place names in Arunachal Pradesh after the first such attempt in April 2017 to exert psychological pressure on India. All these unprecedented measures are intended to cow down India into submission. These trends will have a bearing on 2022 events.

Another trend to watch out for in 2022 is the subtle trade and economic de-coupling process that is underway between India and China recently. Although the bilateral trade shot up to over $102 billion in the first 10 months of 2021 — a target originally mentioned in 2005 and to be fulfilled by 2010 — this is mainly due to the surge in demand to counter pandemic infections and other goods in India. Of the nearly 4,000 items traded between the two countries less than 10 percent of these essential commodities are valued high.

India decided to scale down imports from China by boosting domestic production or trade diversion towards other countries. The Supply Chain Resilience Initiative between India, Japan and Australia for further trade diversification and digitalisation is another measure that would impact the India-China trade structure in the medium term.

There is also the larger regional context where India-China competition could intensify in the new year. Already, China tried to marginalise India’s role in Afghanistan through several “Himalayan Quad” meetings with select South Asian countries. China’s militarisation of South China Sea, its push for a Code of Conduct with Southeast Asian groupings and recent restrictions on shipping in the region are constraining India as with other countries. China’s 36 naval contingencies to the Indian Ocean in the garb of countering piracy incidents but with the intention to balance India and the United States have raised concerns.

A domestic factor in China may complicate the India-China relations in 2022. As China goes into a no-holds barred politicking between different political factions in the run up to the 20th communist party congress in October 2022, intense and competitive Han national chauvinism is expected from various groups on Tibet and other issues. This is also in the backdrop of the Western sanctions on China on Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia and other issues. Prudently, India desisted from expanding the basket of contentious issues with China but may have to re-evaluate its policies in the backdrop of pounding pressures from Beijing.

All in all, China’s intransigence to implement border protocols that it signed with India, its belligerent militarism and border domination efforts and forays in the Indian neighbourhood have resulted in straining relations with India. These have also jeopardised the “informal summit” meetings between the two leaders at Wuhan and Chennai and triggered downhill regression in bilateral relations that are expected to continue in 2022. In this backdrop, India needs to shed its defensive policies and proactively counter China.

The author is a professor in Chinese Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University. Views expressed are personal.

Read all the Latest News, Trending NewsCricket News, Bollywood News,
India News and Entertainment News here. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

Also Read




'Badhaai Do' movie,1,'The Kerala Story',2,'Zeeshan Maggie Point',1,"kerala story",1,@preganest,1,100W SuperVOOC Charging,1,90s actress,1,Access to Diabetes Care,1,accident,2,Actor Salman Khan,1,Actress Priyanka Chopra,1,Air India,1,Air Quality,1,Alia Bhatt,1,All-Round Performance,1,Amazon,1,Anushka Sharma,1,App-Based Taxis,1,Arjun Tendulkar,1,Arshia Goswami,1,Article,4,Atlee Kumar,1,back pain,1,Bageshwar Dham,1,bank holiday schedule,1,bank offers,1,Barbed wire,1,BH registration,1,BH-Series,1,Bhopal,3,Bhupesh Baghel,1,Bike Rider Agastya Chauhan,1,birthday,2,BJP,2,Bobby Deol,1,bodyguard missbehave,1,BOE screen.,1,Bollywood,2,Bollywood Actor,1,Bollywood Couple,1,Bollywood Diwali,1,Bollywood Journey,1,Bollywood Stars,1,borrowing,1,Box Office Collection,1,Boxing Champion Mary Kom,1,bribery allegations,1,budget.,1,Bundelkhand,1,Business,24,camera setup,1,Career,1,Career Growth,1,Career Setbacks,1,Cash for Query Case,1,Celebrity Celebrations,1,Celebrity Diwali,1,Chhatarpur,1,Chhattisgarh Election,1,Chinese Stocks,1,CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan,6,codecanyon,3,Comedian,1,Congress,2,Congress MLA Omkar Singh Markam,1,Controversial Movie,1,converting to Islam,1,Counterclaims,1,couples goal,1,creativity,1,Cricket,1,Crime news,1,Deadlifts 60 kg,1,Deendayal Antyodaya Rasoi Kendras,1,Deepika Padukone,1,Defamatory Posters,1,defense personnel,1,Delhi airport,1,Delhi Fire Service,1,Delhi metro,1,Delhi Police,1,Delhi Pollution,2,Development Scheme,1,Devotees,1,Dhanteras,1,Dhanteras 2023,1,Dharmendra,1,Dhirendra Shastri,2,Diabetes Awareness,1,Diabetes Epidemic,1,Diabetes Prevention,1,Diamond jewelry,1,Diesel Vehicles,1,Disastrous Plastic Surgeries,1,discounts,1,District hospitals,1,Diwali 2023,4,Diwali a National Holiday,1,Diwali Announcement,1,Diwali bank holidays,1,Diwali Celebration,1,Diwali deal,1,Diwali Gift,1,Diwali Moments,1,Diwali offers,1,Donatella Versace,1,DPR,4,Dubai woman,1,early signs,1,Earnings Growth,1,Education / Employment,3,Eid Party,1,Eight-Year-Old,1,Election Commission,1,Election Promises,1,election year,1,Elections 2024,2,Enchanting Moments,1,Entertainment,21,Environment,1,Environmental Measures,1,Family Celebration,1,Fan Frenzy,1,Fan Reactions,1,Fan Reactions.,1,Fashion,1,Female Engineer Uber Driver,1,Festive deals,1,Film 'Kisi Ka Bhai Kisi Ki Jaan',1,Filmfare Awards 2023,1,Filmy Proposal,1,Financial Benefits,1,financial transactions,1,Fire Incidents,1,Firecrackers,1,Fireworks,1,first water metro,1,fiscal deficit,1,Food,2,free earbuds,1,free food grain scheme,1,Gajakesari Rajyoga,1,Gemini,1,Global Health,1,Global Market Outlook.,1,Gold savings,1,Goldman Sachs,1,Government,1,government employees,1,Government spending,1,Govinda,1,Griha Lakshmi Yojana,1,Hakuto-R,1,health sector,1,Healthcare Awareness.,1,Hero,1,Hindu Heritage.,1,Historic Revival,1,Hong Kong,1,iconic career.,1,IIFA 2023,1,IIT Indore,1,Inauguration,1,India,4,India news,4879,Indian festivals,1,Indian Muslim,1,Indian news,8,Indian road tax,1,Indian Shares,1,Indore,3,Indore court,1,instragram,1,Insulin Discovery,1,Investment Opportunities,1,IPL,1,IPL 2023,2,IT,1,Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra,1,Jammu and Kashmir,1,Jewelry discounts,1,Jiah Khan,1,Job,1,Kamal Nath,1,Kanya Vivah-Nikah Yojana,1,Karan Kundra,1,Kareena Kapoor,1,Katrina Kaif,1,Kiara Advani,1,Kidney failure,1,kidney health,1,kidney issues,1,kidney symptoms,1,KL Rahul.,1,Kochi,1,Krishna Priya,1,Kupwara,1,Latest news,1,leaked design,1,legal inquiry,1,Life Changing tips,1,Lifestyle,12,Lifstyle,1,Lok Sabha Ethics Committee,1,loss of cat,1,Love Jihad,1,Love Story,1,Lucknow,1,Lucky Zodiac Signs,1,Maa Kali',1,Madhya Pradesh,23,Mahakal lok,1,Mahakaleshwar temple,1,Mahtari Vandan Yojana,1,Mahua Moitra,1,main,19,Make in India,1,Man naked and garlanded with shoes,1,Mantralya,1,Market Trends,1,Mata Sharda Temple,1,Material Happiness,1,medical attention.,1,Men wearing skirt,1,Menstrual Hygiene Day 2023,1,Mexican Giant Turtle,1,Mir,1,MIT,1,mobile phone,1,modular kitchens,1,Moon,1,Movie Premiere,1,MP Election 2023,1,MP Weather Update,2,multi-state travel,1,Mumbai,2,Munawwar Farooqui,1,National,162,National Paper Airplane Day 2023,1,national security,1,Navlakha,1,Neelam Kothari,1,Netherlands,1,News,1,Nick Jonas,1,Northeastern University,1,Nothing Phone (1),1,ODI Wicket,1,Ola,1,One Nation One Number Plate,1,OnePlus 11 5G,1,opposition members,1,Osho,1,Paramilitary Forces,1,Parenthood,1,Pennsylvania,1,Personal Life Controversies,1,pet parrots,1,plants mango saplings,1,PM Narendra Modi,3,politics,4,Pollution Crisis,1,Pradeep Mishra,1,pricing,1,private companies,1,Priyanka Chopra,1,Profession,1,Prosperity,1,PTI – The Siasat Daily,3,Rachit Agarwal,1,Ranbir Kapoor,1,Rashid rover,1,Realme GT 5 Pro,1,Realme Narzo N53,1,record-breaking century,1,regional variations,1,relationships,1,Religious Significance,1,renewable energy sector,1,Reserve Bank of India,1,Revival Efforts,1,rib pain,1,Romantic Photos,1,Royal deaths,1,Rs 70 lakh,1,Russia Ukraine ongoing conflict,1,Sadar Bazaar,1,Safety Measures.,1,Sagar,1,Sagittarius,1,salman khan,3,Sanatan Dharma,1,Sara Tendulkar,1,Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Park,1,Shah Rukh Khan,1,Shah Rukh Khan's Airport Video goes viral,1,Shalini's Unconventional Divorce Photoshoot,1,Shubam Gill,1,Shubham Gill,1,Sidharth Malhotra.,1,Sir Frederick Banting,1,Six-month-old Infant Dies,1,smartphone,2,Snapdragon processor,1,Snapdragon processor.,1,Social Dynamics,1,social media,2,Social Media Reactions,1,Sooraj Pancholi,1,South Actresses,1,South Africa,1,South Indian Cinema,1,South Indian Comedian,1,specifications,2,Spending husband's money,1,Sports,17,stomach pain,1,storage options,1,Structural Growth,1,subsidies,1,Summer Season,1,Supreme Court,1,Sushant Singh Rajput,1,T20 World Cup,1,Tarek Fatah,1,Taurus,1,tax collection,1,Tech,5,Tejasswi Prakash,1,Temples,1,Tensions,1,Theater Chaos,1,Tiger 3,1,Tilak Nagar,1,Top jewelers.,1,Transport Department,1,Trending,3,Trinamool Congress,1,tweet,1,Uber,1,Ujjain,1,Ukraine Defence Ministry,1,University of Glasgow,1,urban housing,1,US-Canada Border,1,US-India Visa,1,vehicle registration.,1,Vicky Kaushal,1,video viral,2,Viral news,1,Viral Sexy Video,1,viral video,4,Virat Kohli,1,Virat Kohli and Gautam Gambhir,2,Water crisis,1,Wedding Anniversary,1,WiFi,1,Wildlife,1,Wired Food Combinations,1,Women Empowerment,1,World Diabetes Day,1,World News,2194,youth,1,youtuber,1,
India needs to shed its defensive policies and proactively counter China
India needs to shed its defensive policies and proactively counter China
ASE News
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content